Orchards are so rich in biodiversity, they eclipse most recognised
conservation areas. Spend a year in one orchard, and celebrate this
imperilled, overlooked abundance of life. As rotting
windfall apples and frost lie thick on the ground, and the oldest of
fruit trees bend under the weight of mistletoe, the orchard begins a new
A chattering blanket of starlings descend on the bounty of last year's fruit, joining bramblings, blackbirds, angry-faced waxwings and intoxicated fieldfares who, drunk on fermented berries, fight one another over their rotting real estate. Even in winter, the orchard is a place of bounty, competition and continuous surprise, most of whose secrets lie hidden deep below the surface. As the seasons turn, a wealth of animals and plants are revealed: Bumble and solitary bees apartment-hunting in April; spotted flycatchers migrating in May; redstarts, hedgehogs and owls nesting in June; an explosion of life in the summer and the harvest and homespun cider-making in the autumn.
And all throughout the year, the orchard's human and animal inhabitants work together, creating one of the richest ecosystems left in Britain. Their ancient tradition of collaboration between people and nature makes orchards a source of hope for the future. If we can bring new life to England's orchards - favouring organic methods and harvesting with a balanced ecosystem in mind - not only wildlife but people will have a far richer England to profit from in the centuries to come.
- 256 pages
Orchard : A Year in England's Eden - Benedict Macdonald
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